Shallots the queen of the alliumsBack to Articles Page

Shallots the queen of the alliums

Words: Diana Noonan

If there was an award for the person least likely to be “in fashion”, I would get it, so I’m always surprised when I accidentally hit the jackpot. A while back, it was with my hand-knitted socks (I hadn’t realised sock-knitting was in vogue, having always done it purely for reasons of comfort and thrift). Now, wonder of wonders, I’ve hit the jackpot again – this time with a vegetable!


Yes, it seems that vegetables, too, have their moment in the limelight. A while ago it was gooseberries; then rhubarb, and now shallots have taken centre stage. I couldn’t be more pleased, as the shallot is queen of the alliums. Deriving its name from Ascalon in Palestine, it was known to the Greeks and Romans as the Ascalonian onion. Its culinary home is Bordeaux while the Brits began eating it in the Middle Ages.


Shallots holds complex flavours that enhance rather than dominate a dish, making ordinary old onions seem like coarse cousins in comparison. And they are also beautiful. With a string of shallots in the house, you’ll feel as though you’re walking through a French market every time you brush by them.


I’ve always been “The Lady of Shallots”, growing these gems in my southern garden in favour of regular onions for good reason. While onion seed bravely struggles through the sodden spring soil, doing battle with springtails, slugs, birds, weeds, and sudden drops in temperature, the solid shallot, planted in the ground any time in winter through to September (depending on where you live), is soon sending up cheerful green shoots, some of which can be snipped and used in salads as you would spring onions. Gardeners in southerly parts of the country, or those who find themselves experiencing an unexpectedly cool summer, can relax in the knowledge that shallots will keep on keeping on while regular onions sulk, develop thick necks, and refuse to bulb-up.


With shallots, you can also forget the back-breaking hassle of sowing fine onion seed into drills, then thinning, and planting out the seedlings. Simply push shallot bulbs a third of their depth into soft ground, allowing a side-plate-sized space around each for growth, and toss some mulch around to suppress weed growth.


If heavy frosts arrive, the worst they can do is heave the bulbs out of the ground a little, in which case just press them back in. In soil that has had a sprinkling of lime worked into it, a dose of compost and a little animal manure, the shallots will happily multiply and grow through the summer months. All they ask is that you keep them moist until the end of the season, at which stage their tops will begin to dry off, signalling harvest time.


So, why isn’t everyone growing shallots? Perhaps it’s because the bulbs are slightly smaller than regular onions, necessitating a little more peeling and prep in the kitchen. More likely, I feel, it’s because these Mediterranean delicacies are not always as regularly available in supermarkets, so they can be easily overlooked as a garden crop. However, now that shallots are in fashion, sourcing them shouldn’t be too difficult. When you do find them, forget the pot, and sow the lot!

Top tips

Plant a large shallot to obtain five to six small offspring. Plant a small shallot to obtain 2-3 large offspring.
Shallots store well, but only if you allow the tops to thoroughly dry off. Test for dryness by rubbing the base of the green stem between your finger and thumb. If you feel even the slightest moisture, leave to dry further.


Birds sometime dig out shallots when looking for worms. Net young shallots until they develop enough root to hold them in
the ground.


To eat shallots whole, rub the smaller ones, unpeeled, in olive oil, and bake whole until thoroughly soft. Cool a little, then pop them out of their skins and straight into your mouth as you would with roast garlic – yum!